The Labor Shortage Myth
Lately, we’ve been absolutely inundated by the term “labor shortage”. There’s been warnings of jobs going unfilled in various service sectors, and the reporting on these stories have been circulated everywhere. Trucking is a good example of one being brought up now.
Industries and their lobbying groups, ALWAYS say they have a “labor shortage”. If you Google “Trucking Labor Shortage” and a specific year, there’s a 1 in 3 chance of finding similar “labor shortage: articles. The implication of a shortage are clear-Americans are lazy and entitled(A familiar and recycled trope). These industries make an investment. Not in new technology or capital. Not even in financial speculation. Instead, they fund think tanks and have financial arrangements with colleges that produce the data to further their claims. The claims are published in trade publications that serve as no more than propaganda for those industries. Business news outlets unquestionably parrot these talking points, and their sister networks (Think CNBC, NBC and MSNBC) usually pick up the story.
In reality, “labor shortages” are oftentimes a manufactured crisis based on cherry picked statistical data or pseudoscientific economic models. Why? To be used as a pretext for the government to subsidize the job training associated with their industry and relax regulatory standards. What does this accomplish? It increases a company or industry’s pool of available labor. Why is that a bad thing? Increasing the labor pool drives down wages and benefits in a race to the bottom. If 1 person is interested in a job, they hold all the power. If 100 people are interested in 1 job, the employer holds the power. If 1 person applies and will only work for $25/hr and full benefits they’re likely to get their wish. If 100 apply, the company will give the job to the person who will settle for $10/hr. (The only buffer against this power imbalance is through collective bargaining).
Not only will the company save money on wages and/or benefits, they will oftentimes be able to shift the burden of job training to the taxpayer in the form of subsidies and tax credits-creating a hopelessly complex system that is virtually impossible to dismantle. Corporations will also be able to be more demanding of their workers due to lax regulation, and the labor oversupply they artificially created acts as a deterrent for unionization as workers are pitted against one another for fear of losing their livelihoods.
Oftentimes, these government actions will be sold to the public as a form of social progress as Industries adopt the language of left wing groups. An example is large corporations like DOW chemical joining the calls for more women in STEM fields. An infamous example is Teach for America. Teach for America “helps” disadvantaged school districts by relocating highly skilled teachers, which sounds like a laudable endeavor. So laudable that many similar programs were directly funded by a government program signed into law by Bill Clinton in 1993. In reality, Teach for America was conceived of by an Ivy League graduate student after a conference between business leaders and academia in 1989 as a means of pitting workers against each other by introducing non-unionized teachers into schools. Since 1997, the main financial backers of the program are the Walton family (Wal-Mart).
The recurring “labor shortage” scheme is extremely effective. Industries that can do it successfully can get buy-in to their propaganda efforts from the media, academia and the public. The “solution” to the “shortage” is almost always relaxing worker protections wages and benefits, crushing unions, giving huge tax cuts and subsidies to corporations, and having the government indirectly pay the bill for job training that the company itself would previously pay for. Politicians of both parties fall for it-Republicans largely like the deregulation and helping business more generally. Democrats like the social justice aspect, and both parties view these actions as increasing economic growth and offering opportunity. Indirectly, all imagined labor shortages further conservative/libertarian talking points that social safety nets have lulled workers into complacency and must be cut.
Sadly, only a fairly staunch Progressives and some Libertarians oppose these measures. Every US President since FDR has either expressed support for or signed into laws bills taking the exact steps mentioned here. Corporate America’s 75 year exploitation of workers has gone on long enough.